Navigating the Path to Green: The Laboratory’s Role in EPA Product Certification

Discover the blend of science and sustainability that ensures products are EPA-certified, safe for the environment, and effective for consumers

by | Mar 13, 2024

As someone who has spent more than their fair share of time in a lab coat, I can relate to anyone who undertakes the journey of testing and certifying a product as EPA-certified green. It’s a task that is both a challenging and rewarding experience, one that not only requires technical expertise but also a commitment to environmental stewardship. Here’s a glimpse into this fascinating world, drawn from experiences in the lab

Understanding EPA’s Safer Choice Program

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Safer Choice program is at the heart of certifying green products. It signifies that a product is safer for human health and the environment. The criteria are stringent, focusing on every ingredient’s impact, from sourcing to disposal. When a product lands on our testing benches, it’s not just another sample—it represents a potential step forward for environmental responsibility.

The Testing Process: A Blend of Science and Sustainability

1. Initial Evaluation

The journey begins with an in-depth evaluation of the product formulation. Manufacturers submit a detailed list of ingredients, which is cross-referenced with the EPA’s Safer Chemical Ingredients List (SCIL). This phase is crucial—it sets the foundation for the entire testing process. It’s like being a detective, where every compound could lead to a new clue or a dead end.

2. Analytical Chemistry Testing

Next, we dive into the heart of laboratory work—analytical chemistry testing. Using advanced techniques like gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), each ingredient is scrutinized for its chemical makeup and potential environmental impact. It’s a meticulous process, demanding precision and attention to detail. Each test is a puzzle, with the final picture revealing the product’s true nature.

3. Performance Testing

An EPA-certified green product must not only be environmentally friendly but also effective. Performance testing varies significantly from one product to another, whether it’s a cleaning agent, paint, or pesticide. This phase feels like a balancing act, weighing efficacy against environmental impact. It’s rewarding to see a product perform well without compromising on safety.

4. Toxicological Assessment

The toxicological assessment is perhaps the most critical and challenging part of the process. Multiple tests are performed to evaluate the product’s potential health effects, considering acute and chronic exposures. It’s a sobering responsibility, as the results directly impact consumer safety. Each assessment is a reminder of the lab’s role in protecting public health and the environment.

5. Certification and Continuous Monitoring

Once a product passes all tests, it can be certified as EPA Safer Choice. However, the job doesn’t end there. Continuous monitoring ensures that any formulation changes remain compliant with EPA standards. It’s an ongoing commitment to sustainability, one that requires vigilance and dedication.

Reflections from the Lab

Working on EPA-certified green product testing is more than a job—it’s a mission. Each product tested is a potential win for the environment, making the challenges and complexities worthwhile. The process has taught me the importance of rigorous scientific testing, the impact of sustainable practices, and the difference that one certified product can make.

From the lab bench, the path to sustainability is clear. It requires not just scientific expertise but a deep commitment to the planet, and testing EPA-certified green products is a tangible way scientists can contribute to a healthier, safer world.

Contract Laboratory assists manufacturers in ensuring that products meet EPS’s green standards. If you are a manufacturer that requires laboratory testing Submit a Free Test Request, or Contact Us for more information.


  • Trevor Henderson

    Trevor Henderson BSc (HK), MSc, PhD (c), is the Creative Services Director for the Laboratory Products Group at LabX Media Group. He has more than three decades of experience in the fields of scientific and technical writing, editing, and creative content creation. With academic training in the areas of human biology, physical anthropology, and community health, he has a broad skill set of both laboratory and analytical skills. Since 2013, he has been working with LabX Media Group developing content solutions that engage and inform scientists and laboratorians.

    View all posts Director, Creative Services - LabX Media Group

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